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The Record Collectors Guild -- Encyclopedia

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Steven C. Barr

Shellac was the basis for the compound which was used to press almost all disc records from c.1895 until the 78rpm speed was dropped between 1958 and 1960 (microgroove records were pressed using vinyl compounds). This compound was a mixture of shellac, a filler compound (often clay!) and carbon black...and is soluble in alcohol. Short exposure to water will not harm shellac records, but longer-term exposure will definitely do so!

Related Terms: 78; seventy-eight; Victrola
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