Canadian Capitol 45 RPM variations

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Location: Georgetown, Ontario, Canada

Canadian Capitol 45 RPM variations

Post by oldbillclarke » Sun Oct 11, 2009 6:43 pm

Capitol Records was started by songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942 with help from
Buddy DeSilva and Glenn Wallichs in Hollywood, California. By 1946 they had
established themselves as one of the big six record companies, and the only one
on the west coast. In 1955, the British company EMI acquired Capitol which by then
was challenging Columbia, RCA Victor and Decca as a major league record
company. Some of the best known artists to record for Capitol are Nat King Cole,
Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, The Beach Boys, The Beatles and Buck Owens.

Canadian 45 RPM variations:

1950-1961: Purple label, silver logo at top & silver type with the following changes:
1950-1954: Two horizontal lines about 3/4" apart through the middle of the label
and at the bottom it reads "Capitol Records Of Canada Ltd. London, Canada."
Some of these were issued with small British type triangular punch-out holes.
1954-1961: Smaller logo at the top, no horizontal lines and no mention of London,
Canada. These early 45’s had a Canada only numbering scheme ranging from around
F3xx to about F-1454 but beginning in 1955, at around the time U.S. singles hit the 3000 mark,
Canadian records adopted the U.S. numbers.

1961-1962: Purple label, silver logo to left of hole, type silver with title above hole &
artist below. (1961-1962) This style lasted for only seven to eight months.

1962-1969: Yellow & Orange Swirl label, black logo & type. Title above hole, artist
below with the following variations:
1962-1964: Yellow & Orange Swirl (1962-1964) Last known 72000 series is 72144.
1964-1965*: In circa April 1964, the orange part of the swirl became less orange and
more brown. This is a very subtle change but it is very handy where several 72000
series records during the British invasion were re-issued with the exact same numbers
but the first pressing was the former and the second was the latter. Both of the above
styles were pressed by RCA Victor and have a tapered outside edge.
*In general these ceased to exist as of July 1965 but three Beatles issues and numorous
re-issues remained this way through circa 1968. Last known 72000 series is 72269.
1965-1967: In July 1965, Capitol switched most of their pressing operations to the
Compo Company. The text became noticeably smaller and the edges had no taper.
The darker part of the swirl remained brownish, the same as the previous records
above. In the small white print around the bottom of the label Capitol 45's made
before June 1966 read "Mfd. In Canada by Capitol Records Of Canada, Ltd.
Registered User, Copyrighted." After roughly June 1966 it read "Mfd. in Canada
by Capitol Records (Canada) Ltd.-Registered User, Copyrighted." (Often these are
referred to by collectors as "brackets" or "no brackets".) This may seem insignificant
but it can be very useful when judging the vintage of certain records especially Beatles
issues of which many 1963-1965 45's were still in production at that time. Last known
72000 series is 72518.

1967-1969: In circa December 1967 the darker part of the swirl became bright red and
the yellow even became much brighter. These 45's were also pressed by the Compo
Company and had no taper at the edge.

1969-1972: Red and orange target label, black logo & type with the following changes:
1969: Oval (or dome) Capitol logo to the left of the hole. (circa March-circa November 1969)
1969-1972: Target Capitol logo to the left of the hole.
Nearly all of the above were pressed by Compo but a tiny few were manufactured by
RCA Victor. These have a larger type identical to the text used for RCA pressed swirls
in the 1960's. Three good RCA pressed examples are "Try A Little Kindness" by Glen
Campbell, "Masquerade" by Edward Bear and "After The Gold Rush" by Tommy Graham.
Why this happened I have no idea. Last known 72000 series is 72682.

1972-1978: Orange label with beige logo at bottom, black type.
This label varied quite a bit. It started out as a pinky peach color but became more
orange as time went on. Generally earlier pressings had larger type (1972-1976) and later
issues had smaller type with a rough black raised area between the label and the playing
surface (1976-1978). For reasons unknown to me, some records on this label sold in stores
in Canada circa 1975 were American pressings. A couple of random examples of this are
"You're No Good" by Linda Ronstadt and "This Will Be" by Natalie Cole. Early labels in
1973 had a gloss like the previous target labels but by 1974 they were flat. In June 1976,
Capitol started to press its own 45's. These are easy to identify because of the bumpy ridge
between the playing surface and the label. Between 1972 and 1978 these changes occurred:
1972-1974: Glossy label with larger type and no bumpy ring around the outside of the label
with gold perimeter print that was difficult to read.
1974-1976: Beginning in 1974 labels were non glossy and the perimeter print became black
and was much easier to see.
This black perimeter print also now stated they were manufactured by Capitol-EMI Records
not simply Capitol Records as before.
1976-1978: Smaller type with bumpy ring around the outside of the label. These records were
actually manufactured by Capitol-EMI and not subcontracted out to RCA or Compo as before.

1977-1983: Purple label, grey logo & type. This was a retro design, basically a 1970's
version of the 1950's Capitol label. By early 1978 it had become the successor to the orange
label although purple labels had been appearing sporadically since about mid 1977. For instance,
both "Jet Airliner" and "Jungle Love" by Steve Miller had been on purple labels earlier in 1977.
Early purple labels (1977-1979) had a slightly smaller Capitol logo than later ones. (1979-1983)

1983-1988: Black label, rainbow ring, grey type. (mid 1983-fall 1988) Another retro design,
this had previously been used as Capitol's 1960's LP label. (A few 72000 releases had this design
as early as 1982.) Early pressings (1983-1984) had the bumpy ridge area between the playing
surface and the label. Later (1984-1988) the bumpy area was gone as Capitol ceased pressing
operations and had other companies make their 45's.

1988-1990: Purple label, grey logo & type. Earlier issues were much the same colour as the purple
labels from earlier in the decade. Later ones in 1989 were a much brighter purple. Some 45's
issued in this style and during the 1988-1989 period were actually made in the U.S.A. A couple of examples are
"Soldier Of Love" by Donny Osmond, "My Brave Face" by Paul McCartney and "The Doctor" by The
Doobie Brothers. U.S. pressings were slightly darker purple and had a sheen on the label whereas Canadian issues were brighter purple with little or no gloss. To determine if you have a U.S. pressing, check the fine print around the
bottom of the label. If it doesn't say "Made In Canada" you have a U.S. pressing.

1975-1977: Black label, silver or grey logo & type. Almost identical to the 1970's purple label in
style but often including a circle around label. Used mainly for Paul McCartney/Wings releases.

1965-circa 1972: Capitol Starline label. Double green swirl with identical text to C3 style.
This was Capitol's reissue label.

1973-1980: Capitol Starline beige label white Starline logo & black type (circa 1973-circa 1980)
with the following changes:
1973-mid 1976: No black bumpy ridge between the label and playing surface (pre mid 1976)
1976-circa 1980: This one has the bumpy ridge between the label and the playing surface.

Hope this info can be a help to somebody out there. As always, any corrections or additions are welcome.
There's a good chance I've made an error or two along the way.

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RE: Canadian Capitol 45 RPM variations

Post by StephenMacLeod » Sun Oct 11, 2009 6:59 pm

Ian it is always nice to read about Canadian labels.I look forward to reading more.

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